Using GMirror on FreeBSD 7.1

Submitted by sklav on Mon, 08/24/2009 - 12:46

[Allow the mounted disk (ad0) to be modified by gmirror]

This step allows the gmirror utility to modify your drive while it is mounted and is a one time operation during gmirror setup, and will not be restored on reboot.

# sysctl kern.geom.debugflags=16

[Create the mirror on ad0]

This command modifies the drive label meta-data on your hard disk so that it is recognized as a gmirror RAID disk. In the example I set gm0 but you can give it any label you like as long as you’re consistent. You will need this later to modify your /etc/fstab.

# gmirror label -v -b round-robin gm0 /dev/ad0

[Modify /boot/loader.conf to load gmirror on startup]

Using your favourite editor, ee or vi which ship by default on FreeBSD, modify your loader.conf file so that the gmirror module automatically loads at startup.

# ee /boot/loader.conf

Add the following

[Modify /etc/fstab]

In this step you are modifying the /etc/fstab file so that it will mount the gmirror device gm0 rather than ad0 that the system was previously using. Here is what your old fstab might look like:

# old /etc/fstab device file
/dev/ad0s1b none
/dev/ad0s1a /
/dev/ad0s1e /tmp
/dev/ad0s1f /usr
/dev/ad0s1d /var

Again, use your favourite editor, ee or vi to modify the /etc/fstab file. Here is what your modified /etc/fstab file should look like in reference to example above.

# newly modified /etc/fstab device file
/dev/mirror/gm0s1b none
/dev/mirror/gm0s1a /
/dev/mirror/gm0s1e /tmp
/dev/mirror/gm0s1f /usr
/dev/mirror/gm0s1d /var

After this has been completed and make sure no spelling mistakes in your “/etc/fstab” Reboot you machine.

# shutdown -r now

Now when the system come back up you will need to add the second drive to the Raid 1 array using gmirror, In my case it is references as (ad1)

[Use the gmirror insert command to add the 2nd drive for mirroring]

# gmirror insert gm0 /dev/ad1

GEOM_MIRROR: Device gm0: provider ad1 detected
GEOM_MIRROR: Device gm0: rebuilding provider ad1

[Check the mirroring status]

# gmirror status
Name Status Components
mirror/gm0 DEGRADED ad0
ad1 (24%)

the system has detected the array to be “DEGRADED” and is automatically rebuilding the drive array.

[Helpful Commands to keep as reference for recovery reasons only or drive replacement]

gmirror forget gm0 /dev/ad1

gmirror insert gm0 /dev/ad1